|Category: Harmony | Tags: Intervals|
In this chapter you will learn about intervals. In the video, I show what intervals are and you'll learn the names of the 7 most important intervals. You are going to practice these names. In Ear training, you will hear how these 7 intervals sound.
1. What is an interval?
When you make music, you play tones with different pitches. Regardless of the instrument you play - whether you play notes in sequence or at the same time, you play tones of higher and lower pitch. The difference between a higher and a lower tone is called an interval.
An interval measures the distance between two notes.
Therefore, intervals are always made up of 2 tones. For example, if you play 3 tones, that is not called an interval.
The easiest way to determine the distance between 2 tones is to count the white keys on the piano. Count from the lowest to the highest white key to determine the number of that distance. Note: the lowest key is '1' ! Below, you can see an example of an interval with a distance of 5.
2. What are the names of the intervals?
If you can count the distance between 2 tones, then you will know its name! The names of intervals are numbers.
There are 7 important common intervals. These are:
- second, interval of 2 steps
- third, interval of 3 steps
- fourth, interval of 4 steps
- fifth, interval of 5 steps
- sixth, interval of 6 steps
- seventh, interval of 7 steps
- octave, interval of 8 steps
What are the names of the intervals?
Harmony exercise 1b: practise the names of the intervals.
4. Ear training
Listen to the sound of the intervals.