# 4.16 The G minor scale

 Category: Harmony | Tags: Minor scales, Ear training: scales

### Theory

In this chapter, you’ll learn how you can make the G minor scale by applying the sequence: whole - half - whole - whole - half - whole - whole, starting from G. You’ll also learn how to make the harmonic and melodic G minor scale. In the videos, I show how to play the G minor scale on the piano. In the ear training exercise, you’ll learn how to recognize an wrongly played note in the B flat major scale and the E and G minor scales.

## 1. The structure of the G minor scale

Every minor scale consists of the following sequence: whole - half - whole - whole - half - whole - whole. When you apply this sequence starting from G, you get the tones G A Bb C D Eb F G.

### Examples

Which tones will you get if you construct a minor scale, starting from G?

The G minor scale is comprised of the notes: G A Bb C D Eb F G..
The G minor scale has two flats: B flat and E flat.
This scale is also called the natural G minor scale.

## 2. The G minor scale played on the piano

The G minor scale ascending and descending, played by the right hand over one and over two octaves.

The fingering of the G minor scale played with the right hand.

The G minor scale ascending and descending, played by the left hand over one and over two octaves.

The fingering of the G minor scale played with the left hand.

## 3. The structure of the harmonic G minor scale

In the harmonic minor scale, the seventh note is raised. When you apply this to the G minor scale, you get the tones G A Bb C D Eb F# G.

### Examples

In the harmonic G minor scale, F, the seventh note, is raised to become a F#.

## 4. The harmonic G minor scale played on the piano

The harmonic G minor scale ascending and descending, played by the right hand over one and over two octaves.

The fingering of the harmonic G minor scale played with the right hand.

The harmonic G minor scale ascending and descending, played by the left hand over one and over two octaves.

The fingering of the harmonic G minor scale played with the left hand.

## 5. The structure of the melodic G minor scale

In the melodic minor scale, the sixth and the seventh notes are both raised. When you apply this to the G minor scale, you get the tones G A Bb C D E F# G.

### Examples

In the melodic G minor scale, Eb and F, the sixth and the seventh notes, are both raised and become E and F#.
Descending, the sixth and seventh tones of the melodic minor scale are often not raised, but played as the natural G minor scale.

## 6. The melodic G minor scale played on the piano

The melodic G minor scale ascending, played by the right hand over one and over two octaves.

The fingering of the melodic G minor scale played with the right hand.

The melodic G minor scale ascending, played by the left hand over one and over two octaves.

The fingering of the melodic G minor scale played with the left hand.

## 7. Ear training

### Practise

Ear Training exercise 4e: being able to hear a wrongly played note in the B flat major scale and the E and G minor scales.

### Example question

In the next scale a wrong note is played:

Which note is played incorrectly?

### Practical steps

The notated scale is the harmonic G minor scale. Sing the scale being played to train your inner hearing abilties. Listen to how this scale differs from the harmonic major scale.

Answer: the wrong note being played is the second note, the F#.