Sign Name Meaning Subject Level Theory
A major scale scale comprised of the notes: A - B - C# - D - E - F# - G# - A Scales 5 Theory
A minor scale scale comprised of the notes: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - A Scales 3 Theory
Ab major scale scale comprised of the notes: Ab - Bb - C - Db - Eb - F - G - Ab Scales 6 Theory
a tempo resume the original tempo Tempo 1 Theory
accelerando (acc.) gradually increasing in speed Tempo 3 Theory
No image! accent Search | Musictheory.education accent play the note louder Articulation 1 Theory
accidental a sign placed before a note: flat, sharp or natural Notes and rests 1 Theory
accidentals sharps or flats not given in the key signature, occur during the piece Notes and rests 1 Theory
adagio slowly Tempo 1 Theory
aeolian church mode comprised of the notes: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - A Scales 8 Theory
agitato agitated Tempo 7 Theory
No image! allabreve Search | Musictheory.education alla breve two-two meter; 2 beats per measure, a half note gets one beat Measure and meter 5 Theory
allargando becoming slower and broader Tempo 4 Theory
allegretto a little slower dan allegro Tempo 5 Theory
allegro quickly, happily Tempo 1 Theory
allegro moderato moderately quick Tempo 1 Theory
alteration accidental raising or lowering of a tone Notes and rests 7 Theory
altered tones notes which are not diatonic to the given scale Chords 8 Theory
andante moving along, walking Tempo 1 Theory
andantino slightly faster than andante (but it can also mean slightly slower) Tempo 7 Theory
animato animated, lively Tempo 5 Theory
anticipation nonharmonic tone, a note of the new harmony played early Chords 7 Theory
appassionato with passion Tempo 8 Theory
aria music for voice and instrumental accompaniment or instrumental composition with song-like character Musical forms 5 Theory
No image! arpeggio Search | Musictheory.education arpeggio play the notes from bottom to top in rapid succession Ornaments 4 Theory
atonal piece of music not in any definite key; all twelve chromatic notes are equally important Scales 6 Theory
augmented major or perfect interval, which is raised a half step Intervals 6 Theory
augmented fifth fifth made up of eight half steps (four whole steps) Intervals 6 Theory
augmented fourth fourth made up of six half steps (three whole steps) Intervals 6 Theory
augmented seventh chord seventh chord with a augmented triad and a major seventh Chords 7 Theory
augmented six-four chord second inversion of a major flat-fifth triad Chords 8 Theory
augmented sixth chord first inversion of a double-diminished flat-fifth triad Chords 8 Theory
augmented triad triad with a major third and an augmented fifth Chords 6 Theory
B major scale scale comprised of the notes: B - C# - D# - E - F# - G# - A# - B Scales 7 Theory
B minor scale scale comprised of the notes: B - C# - D - E - F# - G - A - B Scales 5 Theory
Bb major scale scale comprised of the notes: Bb - C - D - Eb - F - G - A - Bb Scales 4 Theory
Bb minor scale scale comprised of the notes: Bb - C - Db - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - Bb Scales 8 Theory
ballad instrumental (mostly piano) music in free form with narrative character Musical forms 6 Theory
No image! maatstreep Search | Musictheory.education bar line divide the music into measures Measure and meter 1 Theory
barcarolle boat song Musical forms 6 Theory
blues scale scale used in blues; pentatonic scale with additional tone between fourth and fifth Scales 8 Theory
borrowing from the major the raised sixth tone of the minor scale in order to get a major effect Chords 8 Theory
borrowing from the minor the lowered sixth tone of the major scale in order to get a minor effect Chords 8 Theory
No image! accolade Search | Musictheory.education brace joins the G-clef and F-clef staffs together Musical notation 1 Theory
broken chord chord played one note at a time Chords 2 Theory
C major scale scale comprised of the notes: C - D - E - F - G - A - B - C Scales 1 Theory
C minor scale scale comprised of the notes: C - D - Eb - F - G - Ab - Bb - C Scales 5 Theory
C# minor scale scale comprised of the notes: C# - D# - E - F# - G# - A - B - C# Scales 6 Theory
No image! csleutel Search | Musictheory.education C-clef indicates the location of the Middle C Musical notation 1 Theory
cadential six-four chord second inversion of the first degree, always followed by the fifth degree and has a dominant function Chords 8 Theory
cantabile in a singing style Tempo 5 Theory
change of meter changing from one meter to another within a piece of music Measure and meter 2 Theory
chord group of three or more notes, stacked in thirds Chords 2 Theory
chord symbols a shorthand indication of chords Chords 3 Theory
chromatic scale scale entirely made up of half steps Scales 3 Theory
chromatic semitone semitone contains two notes with the same letter name, for example f-f# Scales 3 Theory
church modes the 7 scales of modal music, from medieval to baroque Scales 8 Theory
circle of fifths scheme of key signatures and the associated major and minor keys Scales 8 Theory
coda an added ending Abbreviations and signs 4 Theory
con brio with vigor Tempo 5 Theory
No image! crescendo Search | Musictheory.education crescendo (cresc.) gradually getting louder Dynamics 1 Theory
D major scale scale comprised of the notes: D - E - F# - G - A - B - C# - D Scales 2 Theory
D minor scale scale comprised of the notes: D - E - F - G - A - Bb - C - D Scales 3 Theory
Da Capo (D.C.) from the beginning Abbreviations and signs 1 Theory
Da Capo al Fine repeat from the beginning and play to the end Abbreviations and signs 1 Theory
No image! segno Search | Musictheory.education Dal Segno from the sign Dal Segno Abbreviations and signs 4 Theory
Dal Segno al Fine repeat from the sign and play to the end Abbreviations and signs 4 Theory
Db major scale scale comprised of the notes: Db - Eb - F - Gb - Ab - Bb - C - Db Scales 7 Theory
decime interval of 10 steps Intervals 6 Theory
decrescendo (decresc.) same as diminuendo; gradually getting softer Dynamics 6 Theory
degree position of a chord in a scale, indicated by roman numerals Chords 2 Theory
diatonic scale scales built on alternating whole and half steps Scales 3 Theory
diatonic scale order of whole and half steps of the scale; major and minor scale Scales 3 Theory
diatonic semitone semitone in a diatonic scale Scales 3 Theory
diminished minor or perfect interval, which is lowered a half step Intervals 6 Theory
diminished fifth fifth made up of six half steps (three whole steps) Intervals 6 Theory
diminished fourth fourth made up of four half steps (two whole steps) Intervals 6 Theory
diminished seventh chord seventh chord with a diminished triad and a diminished seventh Chords 7 Theory
diminished triad triad with a minor third and a diminished fifth Chords 6 Theory
No image! diminuendo Search | Musictheory.education diminuendo (dim.) gradually getting softer Dynamics 1 Theory
dolce sweet, soft Tempo 5 Theory
dominant chord chord on the fifth tone of a scale, the fifth degree Chords 2 Theory
dominant seventh chord chord on the fifth tone of a scale with the seventh tone added Chords 2 Theory
dominant seventh chord seventh chord with a major triad and a minor seventh Chords 7 Theory
dominant seventh flat five chord seventh chord with a major third, diminished fifth and minor seventh Chords 8 Theory
dominant tone the fifth tone of a scale Scales 2 Theory
dorian church mode comprised of the notes: D - E - F - G - A - B - C - D Scales 8 Theory
No image! achstenootpunt Search | Musictheory.education dotted eighth note eighth note increased by a sixteenth note; note played for the value of three sixteenth notes Notes and rests 4 Theory
No image! halvenootpunt Search | Musictheory.education dotted half note note played for the value of three quarter notes, three counts Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! kwartnootpunt Search | Musictheory.education dotted quarter note quarter note increased by an eighth note; note played for the value of three eighth notes Notes and rests 2 Theory
No image! zestiendenootpunt Search | Musictheory.education dotted sixteenth note sixteenth note increased by a thirty-second note; note played for the value of three thirty-second notes Notes and rests 6 Theory
No image! helenootpunt Search | Musictheory.education dotted whole note whole note increased by a half note; note played for the value of three half notes Notes and rests 6 Theory
No image! dubbelemaatstreep Search | Musictheory.education double bar line used to separate different sections of a musical passage Measure and meter 2 Theory
No image! dubbelmol Search | Musictheory.education double flat lowers a note two half steps Notes and rests 6 Theory
No image! dubbelkruis Search | Musictheory.education double sharp raises a note two half steps Notes and rests 6 Theory
double-diminished flat-fifth triad triad with a diminished third and a diminished fifth Chords 8 Theory
double-diminished seventh chord seventh chord with a diminished third, diminished fifth and diminished seventh Chords 8 Theory
duodecime interval of 12 steps Intervals 6 Theory
No image! duool Search | Musictheory.education duplet a pair of equal notes to be performed in the time of three Notes and rests 8 Theory
E major scale scale comprised of the notes: E - F# - G# - A - B - C# - D# - E Scales 6 Theory
E minor scale scale comprised of the notes: E - F# - G - A - B - C - D - E Scales 4 Theory
Eb major scale scale comprised of the notes: Eb - F - G - Ab - Bb - C - D - Eb Scales 5 Theory
No image! achstenoot Search | Musictheory.education eighth note note played for half the value of a quarter note Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! achsterust Search | Musictheory.education eighth rest rest played for half the value of a quarter rest Notes and rests 1 Theory
embellishing tone nonharmonic tone: a melody tone that is not part of the functional chord Chords 7 Theory
enharmonic notes with the same pitch but different names, as F# and Gb Scales 8 Theory
espressivo expressively Articulation 6 Theory
F major scale scale comprised of the notes: F - G - A - Bb - C - D - E - F Scales 3 Theory
F minor scale scale comprised of the notes: F - G - Ab - Bb - C - Db - Eb - F Scales 7 Theory
F# major scale scale comprised of the notes: F# - G# - A# - B - C# - D# - E# - F# Scales 8 Theory
F# minor scale scale comprised of the notes: F# - G# - A - B - C# - D - E - F# Scales 6 Theory
No image! fsleutel Search | Musictheory.education F-clef (bass clef) indicates the location of the F below the Middle C Musical notation 1 Theory
plaatje fsleutel-8va Search | Musictheory.education F-clef with a figure 8 symbol added above play all notes one octave higher than written Musical notation 2 Theory
plaatje fsleutel-8vb Search | Musictheory.education F-clef with a figure 8 symbol added below play all notes one octave lower than written Musical notation 2 Theory
Fine end Abbreviations and signs 1 Theory
French sixth chord second inversion of a dominant seventh chord with flat fifth Chords 8 Theory
No image! fermate Search | Musictheory.education fermata hold the note longer than its value Abbreviations and signs 1 Theory
fifth interval of 5 steps Intervals 1 Theory
fifth degree (V) chord on the fifth tone of a scale Chords 2 Theory
No image! einde Search | Musictheory.education final bar line end of the piece Measure and meter 1 Theory
fingering each finger has a number, from 1 for thumb to 5 for little finger Musical notation 1 Theory
first degree (I) chord on the first tone of a scale Chords 2 Theory
first inversion chord played with the third as lowest tone Chords 4 Theory
No image! mol Search | Musictheory.education flat lowers a note a half step Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! forte Search | Musictheory.education forte loud Dynamics 1 Theory
No image! fff Search | Musictheory.education forte-fortissimo very very loud Dynamics 7 Theory
No image! fp Search | Musictheory.education forte-piano loud, then immediately soft Dynamics 7 Theory
No image! ff Search | Musictheory.education fortissimo very loud Dynamics 2 Theory
No image! fz Search | Musictheory.education forzato, forzando sudden strong accent Dynamics 8 Theory
No image! 4kwartsmaat Search | Musictheory.education four-four meter 4 beats per measure, a quater note gets one beat Measure and meter 1 Theory
No image! C Search | Musictheory.education four-four meter 4 beats per measure, a quater note gets one beat Measure and meter 4 Theory
four-three chord second inversion of a seventh chord Chords 5 Theory
fourth interval of 4 steps Intervals 1 Theory
fourth degree (IV) chord on the fourth tone of a scale Chords 2 Theory
funebre funeral; indicating a stately and plodding tempo Tempo 8 Theory
G major scale scale comprised of the notes: G - A - B - C - D - E - F# - G Scales 1 Theory
G minor scale scale comprised of the notes: G - A - Bb - C - D - Eb - F - G Scales 4 Theory
G# minor scale scale comprised of the notes: G# - A# - B - C# - D# - E# - F# - G# Scales 7 Theory
No image! gsleutel Search | Musictheory.education G-clef (treble clef) indicates the location of the G above the Middle C Musical notation 1 Theory
plaatje gsleutel-8va Search | Musictheory.education G-clef with a figure 8 symbol added above play all notes one octave higher than written Musical notation 2 Theory
plaatje gsleutel-8vb Search | Musictheory.education G-clef with a figure 8 symbol added below play all notes one octave lower than written Musical notation 2 Theory
Gb major scale scale comprised of the notes: Gb - Ab - Bb - Cb - Db - Eb - F - Gb Scales 8 Theory
German sixth chord first inversion of a double-diminished seventh chord Chords 8 Theory
No image! glissando Search | Musictheory.education glissando (gliss.) a continuous slide upwards or downwards between two notes Abbreviations and signs 8 Theory
grave very slow, solemn Tempo 7 Theory
grazioso gracefully Articulation 6 Theory
gypsy scale scale used in folk music from Eastern Europe Scales 8 Theory
No image! halvenoot Search | Musictheory.education half note note played for the value of two quarter notes, two counts Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! halverust Search | Musictheory.education half rest rest played for the value of a half note Notes and rests 1 Theory
half step distance from any key to the very next key up or down, with no key between Intervals 1 Theory
half-diminished seventh chord seventh chord with a diminished triad and a minor seventh Chords 7 Theory
harmonic interval the two notes of the interval are played together Intervals 1 Theory
harmonic minor scale minor scale with a raised seventh tone Scales 3 Theory
intermezzo originally, music played between acts of an opera; now often used as the title of a short, independent piece Musical forms 3 Theory
interval the name of the distance between two notes Intervals 1 Theory
inversion when the lowest note is not the root of the chord Chords 2 Theory
ionian church mode comprised of the notes: C - D - E - F - G - A - B - C Scales 8 Theory
key the scale in which a piece of music is written Scales 3 Theory
key signature accidentals placed at the beginning of each staff and affects all of the notes of that name throughout the piece Notes and rests 1 Theory
l'istesso tempo at the same speed Tempo 8 Theory
larghetto rather slow, but slightly faster than largo Tempo 7 Theory
largo slow, stately Tempo 7 Theory
leading note the seventh tone of a scale and is a half step under the root Scales 2 Theory
ledger lines additional line above or below the staff Musical notation 1 Theory
legatissimo as smooth as possible Articulation 7 Theory
legato play the notes smoothly connected Articulation 1 Theory
leggiero lightly Articulation 6 Theory
lento slow Tempo 7 Theory
loco as written, at the normal pitch Abbreviations and signs 6 Theory
No image! langevoorslag Search | Musictheory.education long appoggiatura the small note is played on the beat, borrowing its time from the following large note Ornaments 5 Theory
lydian church mode comprised of the notes: F - G - A - B - C - D - E - F Scales 8 Theory
maestoso majestically Tempo 4 Theory
major flat-fifth triad triad with a major third and a diminished fifth Chords 8 Theory
major scale scale with steps: whole - whole - half - whole - whole - whole - half Scales 1 Theory
major second second made up of two half steps (one whole step) Intervals 1 Theory
major seventh eventh made up of ten eleven steps (five whole steps and one half step, or a half step below the octave) Intervals 4 Theory
major seventh chord seventh chord with a major triad and a major seventh Chords 7 Theory
major sixth sixth made up of nine half steps (four whole steps and one half step, or a perfect fifth and a whole step) Intervals 4 Theory
major third third made up of four half steps (two whole steps) Intervals 3 Theory
major triad triad with a major third and a perfect fifth Chords 3 Theory
No image! accent2 Search | Musictheory.education marcato emphatic, accented Articulation 6 Theory
measure the notes between the bar lines Measure and meter 1 Theory
melodic interval the two notes of the interval are played one after the other Intervals 1 Theory
melodic minor scale minor scale with a raised sixth and seventh tone Scales 3 Theory
meno less Tempo 3 Theory
meno mosso less quickly Tempo 3 Theory
menuet, minuet ancient dance at moderate pace in three-four meter Musical forms 5 Theory
mesto sad Tempo 8 Theory
No image! mf Search | Musictheory.education mezzo forte moderately loud Dynamics 1 Theory
No image! mp Search | Musictheory.education mezzo piano moderately soft Dynamics 2 Theory
minor major seventh chord seventh chord with a minor triad and a major seventh Chords 7 Theory
minor scale scale with steps: whole - half - whole - whole - half - whole - whole Scales 3 Theory
minor second second made up of one half step Intervals 1 Theory
minor seventh seventh made up of ten half steps (five whole steps, or a whole step below the octave) Intervals 4 Theory
minor seventh chord seventh chord with a minor triad and a minor seventh Chords 7 Theory
minor sixth sixth made up of eight half steps (four whole steps, or a perfect fifth and a half step) Intervals 4 Theory
minor third third made up of three half steps (one whole step and one half step) Intervals 3 Theory
minor triad triad with a minor third and a perfect fifth Chords 3 Theory
misterioso mysteriously Tempo 5 Theory
mixolydian church mode comprised of the notes: G - A - B - C - D - E - F - G Scales 8 Theory
mode any of several ways of ordering the notes of a scale; major and minor Scales 3 Theory
moderato moderately Tempo 1 Theory
modulation the process of changing from one key to another Scales 8 Theory
molto much, very Tempo 4 Theory
molto maestoso very majestically Tempo 4 Theory
No image! mordent Search | Musictheory.education mordent alternates the written note with the tone below; played quickely written-note, lower-note, written-note Ornaments 5 Theory
morendo dying away Dynamics 4 Theory
mosso with motion, animated Tempo 3 Theory
moto motion Tempo 6 Theory
No image! meerderematenrust Search | Musictheory.education multiple measure rests rest of more then one bar Notes and rests 7 Theory
Neapolitan sixth chord the second degree with a lowered root, played in the first inversion Chords 8 Theory
natural minor scale another name for the minor scale Scales 3 Theory
natural notes the 7 notes (white keys) with the names A, B, C, D, E, F and G Musical notation 1 Theory
No image! herstelling Search | Musictheory.education natural sign cancels any previous accidental (a note after a natural is always a white key) Notes and rests 1 Theory
neighboring tone nonharmonic tone, that occurs between two of the same chord tones Chords 7 Theory
No image! 9achstemaat Search | Musictheory.education nine-eight meter 9 beats per measure, an eight note gets one beat; divided into three groups of three Measure and meter 7 Theory
non legato not legato Articulation 6 Theory
none interval of 9 steps Intervals 6 Theory
nonharmonic tone, nonchord tone notes that do not belong in a certain chord Chords 7 Theory
octatonic scale scale comprised of alternating a whole step and a half step Scales 8 Theory
octave interval of 8 steps Intervals 2 Theory
octave designation organisation of notes in exact pitches Musical notation 7 Theory
ostinato obstinate, persistent; constantly repeated melodic or rhythmic figure Musical forms 6 Theory
No image! 8va Search | Musictheory.education ottava play the notes one octave (8 notes) higher than written Abbreviations and signs 1 Theory
No image! 8vb Search | Musictheory.education ottava bassa play the notes one octave (8 notes) lower than written Abbreviations and signs 2 Theory
overture orchestral introduction to an opera, but also an independent instrumental work Musical forms 6 Theory
Picardy third major third of the final chord in a minor composition Chords 8 Theory
parallel keys major and minor scales that have the same key signatures Scales 8 Theory
passing tone nonharmonic tone, that occurs between two different chord tones Chords 7 Theory
pentatonic scale scale comprised of five notes, made of major seconds and minor thirds Scales 8 Theory
perfect fifth fifth made up of seven half steps (three whole steps and one half step) Intervals 3 Theory
perfect fourth fourth made up of five half steps (two whole steps and one half step) Intervals 4 Theory
perfect octave interval between two tones of the same name Intervals 4 Theory
phrygian church mode comprised of the notes: E - F - G - A - B - C - D - E Scales 8 Theory
No image! pp Search | Musictheory.education pianissimo very soft Dynamics 2 Theory
No image! ppp Search | Musictheory.education pianissimo possible very very soft Dynamics 7 Theory
No image! piano Search | Musictheory.education piano quiet Dynamics 1 Theory
più more Tempo 6 Theory
poco little Tempo 3 Theory
poco a poco little by little Tempo 3 Theory
poco meno mosso a little less motion, a little slower Tempo 6 Theory
poco piu mosso a little more motion, a little faster Tempo 6 Theory
polyphony polyphonic music, each voice is independent Musical forms 4 Theory
polytonal piece of music in two or more keys at the same time Scales 6 Theory
No image! portato Search | Musictheory.education portato carried, in an unconnected manner Articulation 6 Theory
prelude short composition in a free form, also preface, introduction Musical forms 3 Theory
prestissimo very fast Tempo 7 Theory
presto fast, faster then allegro Tempo 3 Theory
prima volta, seconda volta play the measures under bracket 1 the 1st time only, the measures under bracket 2 the 2nd time Abbreviations and signs 1 Theory
primary degrees the first, fourth and fifth degree are called primary degrees Chords 2 Theory
No image! kwartool Search | Musictheory.education quadruplet a group of four notes to be performed in the time of three Notes and rests 7 Theory
No image! kwartnoot Search | Musictheory.education quarter note note played for one quarter of the duration of a whole note, one count Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! kwartentriool Search | Musictheory.education quarter note triplet playing three quarter notes in the time of a half note Notes and rests 5 Theory
No image! kwartrust Search | Musictheory.education quarter rest rest for the value of a quarter note Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! 15ma Search | Musictheory.education quindecima play the notes two octaves (15 notes) higher than written Abbreviations and signs 8 Theory
No image! kwintool Search | Musictheory.education quintuplet a group of five notes to be performed in the time of three or four Notes and rests 8 Theory
rallentando (rall.) gradually getting slower Tempo 2 Theory
relative keys major scale and a minor scale that have the same tonic Scales 8 Theory
No image! herhaal Search | Musictheory.education repeat repeat from the beginning Abbreviations and signs 1 Theory
rhythm alternation of short and long notes Measure and meter 1 Theory
risoluto resolutely Tempo 5 Theory
ritardando (ritard. rit.) gradually slowing the tempo Tempo 1 Theory
ritenuto held back, slowing down immediatly Tempo 5 Theory
rondo form musical form, the main theme (chorus) is varied by alternating verses, ABACADA etc. Musical forms 5 Theory
root the first tone of a chord Chords 2 Theory
root position when the lowest note is the root of the chord Chords 2 Theory
rubato with some freedom of time (lit. robbed) Tempo 8 Theory
scale the tones of a piece of music arranged in a row. A scale has a fixed sequence of whole and half steps. Scales 1 Theory
scale tones the notes of a scale Scales 3 Theory
scherzando playful, joking Tempo 8 Theory
scherzo a musical jest or joke Musical forms 3 Theory
second interval of 2 steps Intervals 1 Theory
second degree (II) a chord built on the second tone of a scale; this chord has a subdominant function Chords 5 Theory
second inversion chord played with the fifth as lowest tone Chords 4 Theory
secondary degree the second (II), third (III), sixth (VI) and seventh (VII) degree called secondary degrees Chords 5 Theory
secondary dominant a dominant chord set to resolve to a degree that is not the tonic Chords 8 Theory
semplice simple, plain Tempo 8 Theory
sempre always Abbreviations and signs 6 Theory
seventh interval of 7 steps Intervals 2 Theory
seventh chord a four note chord, stacked in thirds Chords 5 Theory
seventh degree (VII) a chord built on the seventh tone of a scale; this chord has a dominant function Chords 7 Theory
No image! sfz Search | Musictheory.education sforzando forcing; suddenly loud on one note or chord Dynamics 3 Theory
No image! sf Search | Musictheory.education sforzato forcing; suddenly loud on one note or chord Dynamics 3 Theory
No image! sfp Search | Musictheory.education sforzato-piano strong accent followed immediately by piano Dynamics 8 Theory
No image! kruis Search | Musictheory.education sharp raises a note a half step Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! kortevoorslag Search | Musictheory.education short appoggiatura the small note is played very quickly, almost together with the following large note Ornaments 5 Theory
simile continue in the same manner Abbreviations and signs 6 Theory
No image! 6achstemaat Search | Musictheory.education six-eight meter 6 beats per measure, an eight note gets one beat; divided into two groups of three Measure and meter 3 Theory
six-five chord first inversion of a seventh chord Chords 5 Theory
six-four chord another name for the second inversion of a triad Chords 4 Theory
No image! zestiendenoot Search | Musictheory.education sixteenth note note played for half the value of an eighth note; four sixteenth notes have the same duration as one quarter note Notes and rests 4 Theory
No image! zestienderust Search | Musictheory.education sixteenth rest rest played for half the value of an eighth rest; four sixteenth rests have the same duration as one quarter rest Notes and rests 4 Theory
sixth interval of 6 steps Intervals 2 Theory
sixth chord another name for the first inversion of a triad Chords 4 Theory
sixth degree (VI) a chord built on the sixth tone of a scale; this chord has a tonic function Chords 6 Theory
No image! 4en60stenoot Search | Musictheory.education sixty-fourth note note played for half the value of a thirty-second note Notes and rests 7 Theory
No image! 4en60sterust Search | Musictheory.education sixty-fourth rest rest played for half the value of a thirty-second rest Notes and rests 7 Theory
No image! legato Search | Musictheory.education slur play legato Articulation 1 Theory
smorzando dying away in tone and speed Tempo 7 Theory
sonata musical composition that consists of three or four contrasting movements Musical forms 7 Theory
sonata form musical form, consists of three parts: exposition, development and recapitulation Musical forms 7 Theory
sonatina a short sonata Musical forms 7 Theory
song form musical form, usually a simple ABA form Musical forms 5 Theory
sostenuto sustained Tempo 8 Theory
staccatissimo very short Articulation 7 Theory
No image! staccato Search | Musictheory.education staccato detached, short Articulation 1 Theory
staff the five lines and four spaces on which music is written Musical notation 1 Theory
subdominant chord chord on the fourth tone of a scale, the fourth degree Chords 2 Theory
subito suddenly Tempo 5 Theory
suspension nonharmonic tone, played a second above or below a chord tone against this chord Chords 7 Theory
syncopation when notes are played between the main beats of a measure and held across the beat Measure and meter 4 Theory
tarantella fast folk dance in three-eight meter or six-eighth meter, virtuoso instrumental work Musical forms 4 Theory
tempo guisto in strict time Tempo 8 Theory
tempo primo return to the original tempo (first tempo) Tempo 4 Theory
No image! tenuto Search | Musictheory.education tenuto held; hold the note for its full value Articulation 5 Theory
tetrad another name for a seventh chord Chords 5 Theory
third interval of 3 steps Intervals 1 Theory
third degree (III) a chord built on the third tone of a scale; this chord has a tonic or a dominant function Chords 7 Theory
No image! 2en30stenoot Search | Musictheory.education thirty-second note note played for half the value of a sixteenth note; four thirty-second notes have the same duration as one eighth note Notes and rests 6 Theory
No image! 2en30sterust Search | Musictheory.education thirty-second rest rest played for half the value of a sixteenth rest; four thirty-second rests have the same duration as one eighth rest Notes and rests 6 Theory
No image! 3achstemaat Search | Musictheory.education three-eight meter 3 beats per measure, an eight note gets one beat Measure and meter 3 Theory
No image! 3kwartsmaat Search | Musictheory.education three-four meter 3 beats per measure, a quater note gets one beat Measure and meter 1 Theory
No image! overgebonden Search | Musictheory.education tie curved line connecting notes on the same line or space, notes are held down for the combined value of both notes Notes and rests 1 Theory
time signature the number of beats in the measure and the note value that represents one beat Measure and meter 1 Theory
tonal piece of music in a definite key Scales 6 Theory
tonic the first tone of a scale Scales 2 Theory
tonic chord chord on the first tone of a scale, the first degree Chords 2 Theory
tranquillo calm Tempo 6 Theory
transpose transposing a melody or chord progression into a different key Scales 8 Theory
No image! tremolo Search | Musictheory.education tremolo trembling; a tremulous effect produced by rapid alternation of two tones Ornaments 6 Theory
triad a three note chord, stacked in thirds Chords 2 Theory
No image! triller Search | Musictheory.education trill rapid alternation of the written note with the note above it Ornaments 5 Theory
No image! triool Search | Musictheory.education triplet a group of three notes to be performed in the time of two Notes and rests 4 Theory
troppo too much Tempo 7 Theory
No image! dubbelslag Search | Musictheory.education turn consisting of the note above the one indicated, the note itself, the note below, the note itself Ornaments 7 Theory
No image! 12achstemaat Search | Musictheory.education twelve-eight meter 12 beats per measure, an eight note gets one beat; divided into four groups of three Measure and meter 7 Theory
two chord third inversion of a seventh chord Chords 5 Theory
No image! 2kwartsmaat Search | Musictheory.education two-four meter 2 beats per measure, a quater note gets one beat Measure and meter 1 Theory
undecime interval of 11 steps Intervals 6 Theory
unison interval of 1 step Intervals 4 Theory
upbeat incomplete measure at the beginning of a piece. The incomplete measure and the last measure are together a whole measure. Measure and meter 1 Theory
No image! pralltriller Search | Musictheory.education upper mordent consisting of (the note above the one indicated), the note itself, the note above, the note itself Ornaments 7 Theory
vivace lively, faster then allegro and slower then presto Tempo 6 Theory
No image! helenoot Search | Musictheory.education whole note note played for the value of four quarter notes, four counts Notes and rests 1 Theory
No image! helerust Search | Musictheory.education whole rest rest played for the value of a whole note Notes and rests 1 Theory
whole step equal to 2 half steps, with one key between Intervals 1 Theory
whole-tone scale scale entirely made up of whole steps Scales 8 Theory