1.3 Measure and time signature
|Category: Elementary music theory | Tags: Measure and time signature|
In this chapter, you’ll learn about the regular grouping of the beats in which we divide music. You’ll learn about measures and time signatures and how we notate them. Further, you’ll have aan excercise to learn how to recognize rhythms.
|measure||the notes between the bar lines.|
|rhythm||alternation of short and long notes.|
|bar line||divide the music into measures.|
|final bar line||end of the piece.|
The staff with brace, measure, bar lines and final bar line.
2. Time signatures
|time signature||the number of beats in the measure and the note value that represents one beat.
The time signature is indicated at the beginning of the staff near the clef.
|four-four meter||4 beats per measure, a quater note gets one beat.|
|three-four meter||3 beats per measure, a quater note gets one beat.|
|two-four meter||2 beats per measure, a quater note gets one beat.|
|upbeat||incomplete measure at the beginning of a piece.
The incomplete measure and the last measure are together a whole measure.
A melody in three-four meter with an upbeat.
Listen to a four-four meter.
Listen to a three-four meter.
Listen to a two-four meter.
3. Ear training
The exercise recognizing rhythm is a preparatory exercise for Chapter 1.18 Rhythmic dictation.
The purpose of this exercise is to learn to hear the difference between two differently notated rhythms. The difference between these two rhythms concerns only one note.
Ear Training exercise 1e: the played rhythm is notated twice. Choose the right rhythm.Get the full course
The next rhythm is being played:
Choose which rhythm you hear.
The rhythm is notated in a three-four meter. The difference between the first and second rhythm is the first beat in the first measure:
- In the first rhythm, a quarter note is being played.
- In the second rhythm, a half note is being played.
Clap or tap the two notated rhythms to train your inner hearing abilties. Then play the rhythm and try to hear whether in the first beat in the first measure
- a quarter note is being played (choise 1) or
- a half note is being played (choise 2).
Answer: choice 1.