1.6 Abbreviations and signs
|Category: Elementary music theory | Tags: Abbreviations and signs|
The abbreviations in music are of two kinds, namely, abbreviations of terms relating to musical expression, and the true musical abbreviations by the help of which certain passages, chords, etc., may be notated in a shortened form. You will learn about repeat signs, the fermata and octave sign.
1. Repeat signs
|repeat||repeat from the beginning.|
|D.C. (Da Capo)||from the beginning.|
|D.C. al Fine||repeat from the beginning and play to the end.|
|prima volta, seconda volta||play the measures under bracket 1 the 1st time only, the measures under bracket 2 the 2nd time.|
How do you perform repeat signs?
How do you perform prima volta, seconda volta?.
|fermata||hold the note longer than its value.|
A fermata is notated above a note or rest. The performing musician can decide how long the note or rest should be held.
3. Octave sign
|ottava||play the notes one octave (8 notes) higher than written.|
How do you perform 8va?