1.4 Dynamic signs and markings

 

Category: Elementary music theory | Tags: Dynamic signs and markings

Dynamics are instructions in musical notation to the performer about hearing the loudness of a note or phrase. More generally, dynamics may also include other aspects of the execution of a given piece.

Dynamic signs and markings

 

piano piano Ch.1.4. Dynamic signs and markings | Musictheory.education piano quiet.
forte forte Ch.1.4. Dynamic signs and markings | Musictheory.education forte loud.
mezzo forte mf Ch.1.4. Dynamic signs and markings | Musictheory.education mezzo forte moderately loud.
crescendo crescendo Ch.1.4. Dynamic signs and markings | Musictheory.education crescendo (cresc.) gradually getting louder.
diminuendo diminuendo Ch.1.4. Dynamic signs and markings | Musictheory.education diminuendo (dim.) gradually getting softer.

 

Example

The melody starts soft (piano), gradually getting louder (crescendo) and then gradually getting softer (diminuendo) .

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